وَلَا تَهِنُوا وَلَا تَحْزَنُوا وَأَنتُمُ الْأَعْلَوْنَ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ
So do not become weak (against your enemy), nor be sad, and you will be superior (in victory) if you are indeed (true) believers [139:3]
The battle of Uhud was one of the greatest setbacks the Muslim Ummah faced, but the setback was a triumph of enlightenment, clarity and understanding.
On the 3 Shawwal AH the Quraysh began to prepare for an attack into Madinah. During the battle of Badr, due to the state of emergency, the Quraysh only managed to gather a thousand men to meet the Muslims. This time however they had plenty of time and managed to gather an army of three thousand strong who were accompanied by women and slaves. They also had Arabs from the neighboring tribes of Kinanaah and Abu Tuhaamah to join the ranks. The Quraysh manage to raise 50,000 dinars for the military expedition to Uhud.
The Prophet ﷺ had kept intelligence in Makkah to monitor Quraysh and follow their every move. Al Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib reported the numbers of Quraysh marching to Uhud and he accounted for every detail in a series of letters sent to the Prophet ﷺ. The Prophet ﷺ was pleased with the report Al Abbas had sent to him but he needed a minute by minute account of where and when the Quraysh would arrive, so he saw sent Al Hubaab ibn Al Mundhir ibn Al Jamooh to the desert to find out as much as he could about Quraysh, he returned with information of their whereabouts, about how many were in the infantry and cavalry and how well they were armored.
The Prophet ﷺ held a consultation with the companions (may Allah be pleased with them) and they decided to move out and meet Quraysh at Uhud. They left taking to best route so as not to be seen at the quietest time.
When the Muslim army reached Ash-Shaut, a garden between Madinah and Uhud the hypocrite Ibn Salool withdrew from the army along with three hundred other hypocrites. He tried to justify his withdrawal by claiming no fighting would take place and that the Prophet ﷺ didn’t take his advice on remaining within the walls of Madinah and waiting for Quraysh. The Muslims continued without them and reached Uhud.
Arriving first at the battlefield the Muslims manage to discern the importance of the two mountains Uhud and facing it mount Ainain. The Prophet ﷺ ordered his army to stand with their backs facing Mount Uhud this way they only had to fight on one front and the Muslim army didn’t need to worry about being attacked from behind and to make his ﷺ strategy foolproof he chose fifty men from the companions on top of Mount Ainain. Since Ainain faced Uhud it was highly likely the leaders from Quraysh would send horsemen around Ainain to the rear of the Muslims effectively trapping them from two sides. Hence the Archers positioning was key to protecting the rest of the Muslim army.
The Prophet ﷺ gave them clear orders to remain where they were and not to come down from the mountain regardless of whether they could see the Muslims winning or losing. “Even if you see that we are being snatched away by birds, do not leave this position of yours until I send for you. And even if you seen that we have defeated the enemy and crushed them, do not leave until I send for you.’’
The battle began with dueling as was customary in Arab tradition and then the two armies collided in a fierce fight. The first half of the battle to Muslims were overwhelmingly stronger and were now confident to win as the penetrating the enemy camp, at this point the archers anticipating the win over Quraysh they could see all the booty being left behind, some the archers couldn’t hold back and raced down to collect the booty.
Now the horsemen from Quraysh led by Khalid bin Waleed saw the opening and attacked the Muslims from behind, it was mayhem, the ranks of Muslims broke until they started to attack each other in sheer confusion. The Quraysh in front of the Muslims who were retreating now realised that Khaleed bin Waleed with his men were attacking the Muslims and returned to fight the Muslims who were now fighting on two fronts. The army of Quraysh managed to penetrate the Muslims and get very close to the Prophet ﷺ pelting him with stones breaking his noble teeth and blessed nose. Rumours began that the Prophet ﷺ had been killed both in the Muslim camp and the camp of the Kuffar.
Umar bin Al Khattab managed to thwart Khalid bin Waleed’s attempt to mount an offensive against the Muslims and the Prophet ﷺ managed to regroup and withdraw with some of the companions and met together safely in one of mountain passes of Uhud.
Quraysh now had control over the battlefield and Abu Sufyaan directed his voice to the Muslims in the mountain ‘’Is Muhammad alive or dead?’’ the Prophet ﷺ said ‘’do not answer’’, Abu Sufyan then said “Is Ibn Abi Quhafah (Abu Bakr) among the people?’’ The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to the companions “Do not answer him”. Abu sufyan then said “Is Umar bin al Khattab among the people?” The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to the companions “Do not answer him”. When he heard no response he responded “Verily these people have been killed for had they been alive they would have answered me.” At this Umar RA replied “You have spoken a lie, O enemy of Allah. Allah has kept alive that which will bring about your humiliation.”
Many prominent Muslims had been martyred including the uncle of the Prophet ﷺ; Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib. They had lost a major battle it was a catastrophe as is the situation of the Muslims today, they were in a dire situation.
Some lessons from the Battle of Uhud
We can take multiple lessons from the battle of Uhud and the advice Allah SWT reveals after the battle. After the catastrophes that we are facing in Aleppo we are in much need of these lessons.
That Allah purifies those who face hardship:
وَلِيُمَحِّصَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَيَمْحَقَ الْكَافِرِينَ
And that Allah may test (or purify) the believers (from sins) and destroy the disbelievers. [3:141]
That Allah tests the believers for their patience and perseverance:
أَمْ حَسِبْتُمْ أَن تَدْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ وَلَمَّا يَعْلَمِ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا مِنكُمْ وَيَعْلَمَ الصَّابِرِينَ
Do you think that you will enter Paradise before Allah tests those of you who fought (in His Cause) and (also) tests those who are As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.)? [3:142]
Allah SWT reminds us of the wounds which have afflicted the Ummah and when He gave victories in the past; and those times when the tables were turned.
إِن يَمْسَسْكُمْ قَرْحٌ فَقَدْ مَسَّ الْقَوْمَ قَرْحٌ مِّثْلُهُ وَتِلْكَ الْأَيَّامُ نُدَاوِلُهَا بَيْنَ النَّاسِ وَلِيَعْلَمَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَيَتَّخِذَ مِنكُمْ شُهَدَاءَ وَاللَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الظَّالِمِينَ
If a wound (and killing) has touched you, be sure a similar wound (and killing) has touched the others. And so are the days (good and not so good), We give to men by turns, that Allah may test those who believe, and that He may take martyrs from among you. And Allah likes not the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers) [3:140]
When the the leaders in Turkey and Pakistan and Egypt and Saudi Arabia and the rest hold back their armies, it reminds us of Ibn Salool in the battle of Uhud fleeing the battles of the Muslims – and Allah SWT too has a purpose in the withdrawal of the hypocrites to expose the treacherous leadership and to awaken the Ummah to be able to clearly distinguish the evil from good.
Furthermore, Abu Sufyan understood the impact on the Muslims if any the three men were killed the Prophet ﷺ, Abu Bakr RA and Umar bin Al Khattab RA. They were the leaders of the Muslims and they were leaders who had a political will. They were leaders that led the Muslims from darkness into light and we are missing leaders of this caliber today.
Muslim narrates that the Prophet ﷺ said
إِنَّمَا الإِمَامُ جُنَّةٌ يُقَاتَلُ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ وَيُتَّقَى بِهِ فَإِنْ أَمَرَ بِتَقْوَى اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَعَدَلَ كَانَ لَهُ بِذَلِكَ أَجْرٌ وَإِنْ يَأْمُرْ بِغَيْرِهِ كَانَ عَلَيْهِ مِنْهُ
Only the Imam is a shield, behind whom you fight and you protect yourself with, so if he orders by taqwa and is just then he has reward for that, and if he orders by other than that then it is against himself.
So do not disheartened when we see calamities as they only give us clearly concepts as an Ummah of what real solutions are. So that we may work for revival of the real solution, the Khilafah Rashida, which will mobilize the Muslim army to protect the blood, honor and dignity of this blessed Ummah.
Finally, we remind the believers of the response of Umar bin Al Khattab to the Mushrikeen “Our dead are in paradise and their dead are in hellfire” – and Bashar Al Assad and his allies of the words of the Prophet ﷺ to the Kuffar of Uhud “Allah is our protector and you have no protector.”
23rd Rabi’ al Awwal 1438
22nd December 2016
Reference Source : The Noble Life of The Prophet (Peace be upon him) Vol. 2 By Dr Ali Muhammad As-Sallaabee